About Vijayawada

About Vijayawada


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History of Vijayawada

Vijayawada is a city on the banks of the Krishna River, in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Vijayawada (urban) mandal in Krishna district of the state. The city is one of the suburbs of the state capital Amaravati, under the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, and the headquarters of APCRDA. It is one of the major trading and business centers of the state and hence, it is also known as “The Business Capital of Andhra Pradesh”.

The city is one of the two metropolis in the state, with the other being Visakhapatnam. As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 1,034,358, making it the second largest city in the state in terms of population and it had an urban agglomeration population of 1,491,202. VIJAYAWADA City is declared as Temporary Capital of Andhra Pradesh Until the Complete Construction of Amaravathi. The Civic Body of Vijayawada(VMC) put Proposal for conversion of Municipal Corporation into Greater Municipal Corporation(GVMC).

The city has been recognised as a “Global City of the Future” by McKinsey Quarterly.  It is one of the commercial hubs of Andhra Pradesh with a GDP of $3 billion in 2010, and is expected to increase to $17 billion by 2025.  The political, agricultural, industrial sectors are a boon for its recognition. It is the hub of transportation with one of the largest railway junctions in India.

Toponomy

There are many legends behind the origin of the name Vijayawada. Goddess Durga killed the demon and relaxed in this place for some time. As she was victorious (vijaya), the place came to be known as Vijayawada (vijaya translates to victory and wada as place/location, literally “The Place of Victory”).  The epic Mahabharata refers to the Indrakiladri hills as the place where Arjuna secured Pashupatastra from Lord Shiva. The city thereafter came to be known as Vijayavatika and later as Vijayawada.

In some legends, Vijayawada was referred to as Rajendracholapura. A tale behind its acquiring the name “Bezawada” is that Goddess Krishnaveni (River Krishna) requested Arjuna to make a passage for her to merge into the Bay of Bengal. Hence, Arjuna made a bejjam (hole) through the mountains and the place came to be known as Bejjamwada which later changed to Bezawada.

History

Vijayawada history reveals that Bezawada (Vijayawada) was ruled by King Madhava Varma (Ancestor of Pusapatis of Vizianagaram).
Major projects during British rule are, the Prakasam Barrage, was completed and a railway bridge over the River Krishna that connected Guntur City and its district was one of many improvements constructed.

Geography

Vijayawada is located at 16.5193°N 80.6305°E and has an altitude of 11 m (36 ft). It lies on the banks of Krishna River and is also surrounded on the north by Budameru River. The low range of hills cover the northern, northwestern, and southwestern parts of the city, while the rich and fertile agriculture lands with three major irrigation canals cover the central, southwestern and northwestern parts.

The topography of Vijayawada is flat, with a few small to medium-sized hills. The Krishna River runs along the city. These hills are part of the Eastern Ghats cut through by the Krishna river. Three canals originating from the north side of the Prakasham barrage reservoir, Eluru, Bandar and Ryves, run through the city.